The impact of the seven years of british war against the french and indians

In the wake of the disaster at Quiberon, Thurot was lionised as a hero in France. Frederick had lost 13, men, Daun 11,; additionally, some 7, Austrians were made prisoners. At the start of the war, no French regular army troops were stationed in America, and few British troops.

A Prussian scheme for compensating Frederick Augustus with Bohemia in exchange for Saxony obviously presupposed further spoliation of Austria. He had been concerned about the extended supply line to the forts on the Ohio, and he had sent Baron Dieskau to lead the defenses at Frontenac against Shirley's expected attack.

Leaving Christoph von Dohna to pursue the defeated Russians, Frederick hastened back to Saxony to save his brother Prince Henry from attack by superior Austrian forces under Daun. The war was the product of an imperial struggle, a clash between the French and English over colonial territory and wealth.

He left a sizable force at Fort William Henry to distract Montcalm and began organizing for the expedition to Quebec. Additionally, the British desired to keep all their colonial conquests.

The Governor of Virginia and the Governor of Canada are quarrelling about lands which really belong to us, and their quarrel may end in our own destruction. Despite facing such a formidable alliance, British naval strength and Spanish ineffectiveness led to British success.

This portrait was painted in by Charles Willson Peale. Austrian artillery devastated his advancing troops, but he sent wave after wave of them forward in an attempt to break the Austrian line.

Battle of Quiberon Bay and Battle of Lagos The French naval defeat at Quiberon Bay proved a devastating setback to the planned invasionand was one of the major reasons behind its ultimate cancellation By the Royal Navy had expanded to 71, personnel and ships in commission, with another 82 under ordinance.

Several of the prisoners had smallpox, and the scalps infected and killed hundreds of Indians in the following weeks. The French immediately set to work to improve their position, renamed it Fort Duquesneand sent a detachment under Coulon de Jumonvilleas a corps of observation, to see what Washington was doing, and to deliver to the English a summons requiring them to withdraw from the domain of the king of France.

The number of American rangers steadily expanded during the French and Indian War. French policy was, moreover, complicated by the existence of le Secret du roi —a system of private diplomacy conducted by King Louis XV. Finally, all these component parts of war power could only become effective when they and the civil resources of the Empire were duly co-ordinated under the supreme direction of a competent statesman.

InWashington received authorization to build a fort near the present site of Pittsburgh. A Russian army of 90, men, which had begun to cross Polish territory in May, at last entered East Prussia in August In spite of this they still had a major presence in central India, and hoped to regain the power they had lost to the British in southern India during the Second Carnatic War.

On November 9 Hawke withdrew to English waters, and the Brest fleet took to sea. British colonial forces, led by Lieutenant Colonel George Washington, attempted to expel the French inbut were outnumbered and defeated by the French.

The British felt that if they did not assert their position, the French would become the dominant power in Bengal. British forces defeated French forces in India, and in British armies invaded and conquered Canada.

Their line was thus an immensely long inland semicircle, flanked by the Gulfs of St Lawrence and Mexico, which were open to naval attack, and subject, along its very thin south-westward extension, to the natural pressure of a pioneering population many times more numerous than its own.

France in the Seven Years' War

Even so, France had concluded a defensive alliance with Prussia inand the maintenance of the Anglo-Austrian alignment after was deemed essential by the duke of NewcastleBritish secretary of state in the ministry of his brother Henry Pelham.

He at once set out, marched through the dense woods all night, and attacked the French at dawn.

France in the Seven Years' War

But the French trade, always hampered by government restrictions, was still more adversely affected by the British command of the sea, before which it finally withered away, while its rival ultimately triumphed. In January, they ambushed British rangers near Ticonderoga.

In an effort to set back the invasion, a British raid was launched against Le Havre which destroyed numerous flat-boats and supplies. The war had not been at all triumphant from the British point of view. The expedition was beset by delays of all kinds but was finally ready to sail from Halifax, Nova Scotia in early August.

On November 3,anticipating the Austro-Prussian armistice by three weeks, Great Britain and France signed preliminaries of peace at Fontainebleau. But at the very same time the British Ohio Company obtained a grant of half a million acres in that region, and the next year,sent the trader, Christopher Gist, to prospect for them.

Owing to various causes, of which congeniality was always the principal, the Indians, who knew nothing of the outside world, were generally inclined to believe more in French than in British prowess, especially as the French understood so much better how to make the greatest show of whatever force they had.

The French defeat had a devastating impact on French political life, and a number of senior figures were forced out of public office. He stated in his report, "The French had swept south", [36] detailing the steps which they had taken to fortify the area, and their intention to fortify the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers.

Most of the Americans were young and poor; many were indentured servants who won freedom from their labor contracts by going to war. It did nothing to allay the colonial rivalry between Great Britain and France, and it virtually guaranteed a subsequent conflict between Austria and Prussia by confirming the conquest of Silesia by Frederick the Great.

Frontier warfare declined throughoutnot because Anglo-American forces defeated Indian war parties or the French, but because the French were unable to supply their Indian allies.The French and Indian War won by the British had a great economic impact on the colonies.

The war changed economical relations between Britain and its colonies for some time and became the largest reason for the outbreak of the American Nowitzky 2  The French, Indians, also known as the Seven Years war ().

The French and. The French and Indian War took place between and and is also known as the Seven Years War. This conflict formed part of a larger struggle between France and. After the British victory in the Seven Years' War, (see EDSITEment-reviewed Digital History's The Seven Years' War) Indian peoples found their diplomatic options more circumscribed.

As North American colonists, eager for land, began to spill over the Appalachian Mountains in the s, British concern and Indian anger over the expansion increased. The Seven Years' War, also known as the French and Indian War, war between British and Prussia against the French, Austrians and Russians Seven Years' War.

The Seven Years War, or sometimes referred to as the French and Indian war, took place in the year and finally came to a conclusion injust prior to the American Revolution. The French and Indian war is often a war that’s importance is overlooked throughout the history of America. The Seven Years' War, also known as the French and Indian War, began in when the fighting between French and colonists merged into a European conflict involving France, Austria, and Russia.

The impact of the seven years of british war against the french and indians
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